Electric vehicles have been around for quite some time and their adoption is on the rise. Before buying an EV, questions like the below naturally cross the buyer’s mind about types of charging stations:
- What kind of charger do I need?
- How much time does it take to charge an EV?
- Can I use a plug already available or do I need a completely new installation? etc.
In this article, we will try and help answer these questions.
A typical EV driver manages to do 80% of his car charging at home. Charging an Electric vehicle is a very easy process. You simply have to plug-in your vehicle in to the charging station in order to fuel up. Here is your basic guide about the types of EV charging stations and their prices in India.
Different types of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
Though charging an electric vehicle is as good as plugging any electric device to the charging station, all-electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) or EV Charging Stations are not the same. Some equipment might need custom installations while others can be easily installed by plugging into a standard wall outlet. The charging time also varies, based on the type of charger used.
EV Charging Stations can be categorized into the following three levels
- Level 1 Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
- Level 2 Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
- Level 3 Electric Vehicle Charging Stations (DC Fast Charging Stations)
Level 1 Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
Level 1 Electric Vehicle Chargers use a 120 V AC plug which can be plugged into a standard wall outlet. These chargers do not require any additional equipment or installation. Level 1 Electric Vehicle Chargers are often used at home.
They deliver two to five miles of range per hour of charging. Level 1 Electric Chargers are the cheapest amongst all the available charging stations, but they also consume the largest amount of time to charge your car’s battery. Car-Owners typically use this category of chargers to charge their vehicles overnight.
Orion, Duosida, AeroVironment, and Leviton are the manufacturers of Level 1 Electric Vehicle Chargers.
Also read: Ultra-Fast Charging Station for EV
Level 2 Electric Vehicle Charging Station
Level 2 Electric Vehicle Chargers are used in both commercial and residential charging stations to fuel up the vehicle. The commercial charger uses a 208V AC plug while the residential charger uses a 240V AC plug.
Level 2 Electric Vehicle Chargers undergo a proper installation process that has to be performed by a professional electrician. These chargers can also be installed as a part of a solar panel system. These chargers can deliver 10 to 60 miles of range per hour of charging. Level 2 Electric Vehicle Chargers hardly takes 2 hours to fully charge a car battery.
They are perfect for both businesses that plan to offer fast charging options to customers and homeowners who require speedy charging stations.
Siemens, Chargepoint, JuiceBox, and ClipperCreek are some of the manufactures of Level 2 EVSE. There are also a few electric car manufacturers like Nissan who have their own Level 2 Charger products.
Also read: Understand Types of Electric Vehicles
Level 3 Electric Vehicle Chargers
Level 3 Electric Vehicle Chargers which are also known as DC Fast Chargers or CHAdeMO charging stations offer around 60 to 100 miles of range for your electric vehicle in just 20 minutes of charging. However, DC fast chargers are usually used only in industry and commercial applications.
These CHAdeMO charging stations require high-powered, highly specialized equipment to install and maintain. All-electric cars do not support charging with these Level 3 Chargers. Many plug-in hybrid EVs don’t have this charging capability, and few all-electric vehicles cannot be charged with a DC Fast Charger.
The Nissan Leaf and Mitsubishi “I” are examples of electric vehicles that are DC fast chargers enabled.
Also read: Understand Pros & Cons of Electric Vehicle
EV Duniya editorial: This article is written by Vruddhi Dungarwal